Intro to Prescription drugs
The following material is a description of prescription drug abuse and dependence, information about Opioids/Pain Relievers (Narcotics), some Common Narcotic Withdrawal Symptoms, a list of Commonly Abused Prescription Narcotics, what common Prescription Drugs Contain, information about depressants, narcotics and stimulants.
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Drug addiction– Defined as the compulsive use of a substance, despite its negative or dangerous effects. (PubMed Health)
Tolerance– The need of a higher dose to attain the same effect. (PubMed Health)
Withdrawal– a.The act or process of ceasing the use of a narcotic drug to which one has become addicted, typically accompanied by distressing physiological and mental effects. b. The physiological and mental readjustment that accompanies such discontinuation. (American Heritage Medical Dictionary @2007)
Dependence– When one needs a drug to function normally. Withdrawal symptoms usually occur when the drug is abruptly stopped (PubMed Health).
Chemical Dependence– A physical and psychological habituation to a mood- or mind-altering drug, such as alcohol or cocaine (The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary @2007)
Physical (Physiological) Dependence- in which the drug is used to prevent withdrawal symptoms or in which it is associated with tolerance, or both (American Heritage Medical Dictionary @2007). Physical addiction and dependency on a substance is defined by the appearance of characteristic withdrawal symptoms when the drug is suddenly discontinued. While physical dependency can be a major factor in the psychology of addiction, the primary attribute of an addictive drug is its ability to induce euphoria while causing harm (PubMed Health).
Psychological Dependence- A person’s need to use a drug or engage in a behavior to gain relief from tension or emotional discomfort (American Heritage Medical Dictionary @2007). Developing out of habits that relieve symptoms of loneliness, anxiety, depression, and feelings of worthlessness. As the drug and/or behavior is indulged, it becomes associated with the release of pleasure and avoidance of pain, and a cycle is started that is similar to physiological addiction (PubMed Health).
References for prescription drugs:
Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA); Drugfree.org; Medicine.net; fda.gov
Prescription Drug Abuse and Addiction (PDF File – Feel free to reprint)
As part of the National Institute of Drug Abuse Research Report Series, this file, discusses prescription abuse, types of prescription drugs commonly abused, and the short and long-term effects of prescription drug abuse, treatment and more.
Overview of prescription drug abuse research and information from the National Institutes of Health.
National Coalition Against Prescription Drug Abuse
The National Coalition Against Prescription Drug Abuse (NCAPDA) is an organization established to help reduce the number of deaths and addictions caused by prescription drug abuse, through the implementation of a nationwide awareness campaign, the initiation and support of pertinent legislative action and through partnerships with educational, medical, law enforcement and other appropriate entities.
Why we should worry about the quiet epidemic of painkiller abuse.
A new trend identifies rural teens seemingly more likely than their urban peers to use prescription drugs for non-medical purposes, according to a report posted online that will appear in the March 2011 print issue of Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine.
Over the past 10 years, U.S. officials reported a 400 percent increase in the proportion of Americans treated for prescription painkiller abuse and said the problem cut across age groups, geography and income.
Abuse of prescription medication among teens is up. Steve Pasierb of Partnership for a Drug-Free America has information on what parents can do to prevent drug use.
Calif. Rep. Mary Bono Mack talks to Maggie Rodriguez regarding her son’s plea for help with prescription drug addiction.